Read 1493: How the Ecological Collision of Europe & the Americas Gave Rise to the Modern World by Charles C. Mann Free Online


Ebook 1493: How the Ecological Collision of Europe & the Americas Gave Rise to the Modern World by Charles C. Mann read! Book Title: 1493: How the Ecological Collision of Europe & the Americas Gave Rise to the Modern World
The author of the book: Charles C. Mann
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 344 KB
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Loaded: 2474 times
Reader ratings: 6.8
Edition: Granta Books
Date of issue: September 1st 2011
ISBN: 1847084044
ISBN 13: 9781847084040
Language: English

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From the author of "1491--"the best-selling study of the pre-Columbian Americas--a deeply engaging new history of the most momentous biological event since the death of the dinosaurs.""
More than 200 million years ago, geological forces split apart the continents. Isolated from each other, the two halves of the world developed radically different suites of plants and animals. When Christopher Columbus set foot in the Americas, he ended that separation at a stroke. Driven by the economic goal of establishing trade with China, he accidentally set off an ecological convulsion as European vessels carried thousands of species to new homes across the oceans.
The Columbian Exchange, as researchers call it, is the reason there are tomatoes in Italy, oranges in Florida, chocolates in Switzerland, and chili peppers in Thailand. More important, creatures the colonists knew nothing about hitched along for the ride. Earthworms, mosquitoes, and cockroaches; honeybees, dandelions, and African grasses; bacteria, fungi, and viruses; rats of every description--all of them rushed like eager tourists into lands that had never seen their like before, changing lives and landscapes across the planet.
Eight decades after Columbus, a Spaniard named Legazpi succeeded where Columbus had failed. He sailed west to establish continual trade with China, then the richest, most powerful country in the world. In Manila, a city Legazpi founded, silver from the Americas, mined by African and Indian slaves, was sold to Asians in return for silk for Europeans. It was the first time that goods and people from every corner of the globe were connected in a single worldwide exchange. Much as Columbus created a new world biologically, Legazpi and the Spanish empire he served created a new world economically.
As Charles C. Mann shows, the Columbian Exchange underlies much of subsequent human history. Presenting the latest research by ecologists, anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians, Mann shows how the creation of this worldwide network of ecological and economic exchange fostered the rise of Europe, devastated imperial China, convulsed Africa, and for two centuries made Mexico City--where Asia, Europe, and the new frontier of the Americas dynamically interacted--the center of the world. In such encounters, he uncovers the germ of today's fiercest political disputes, from immigration to trade policy to culture wars.
In "1493, " Charles Mann gives us an eye-opening scientific interpretation of our past, unequaled in its authority and fascination.


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Ebook 1493: How the Ecological Collision of Europe & the Americas Gave Rise to the Modern World read Online! Charles C. Mann is a correspondent for Science and The Atlantic Monthly, and has cowritten four previous books including Noah’s Choice: The Future of Endangered Species and The Second Creation . A three-time National Magazine Award finalist, he has won awards from the American Bar Association, the Margaret Sanger Foundation, the American Institute of Physics, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, among others. His writing was selected for The Best American Science Writing 2003 and The Best American Science and Nature Writing 2003. He lives with his wife and their children in Amherst, Massachusetts.



Reviews of the 1493: How the Ecological Collision of Europe & the Americas Gave Rise to the Modern World


KAI

A hard, shocking, but extremely useful book that makes you think!

DEXTER

Our favorite book

NATHAN

Strongly recommend

AISHA

Compelling book!




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